Posts Tagged ‘verb’

  • Not/No is placed before the verb/auxiliary verb.
Will you not buy some pencils? Not will buy you some pencils No comprará Vd. unos lápices?
I have not seen the knife. I not have seen the knife Yo no he visto el cuchilo
You have not written the letter. You not have written the letter. Vd. no ha escrito la carta.
  • When the present tense of haber is used in an interrogative sentence, the subject is generally placed after the past participle.
Have men arrived? Have arrived the men? Han llegado los hombres?
Have you spent your money? Have spent you your money? Han gastado Vds. su dinero?
Has he not found his books? Not has found he his books? No ha hallodo él su libros?
Has she bought any coffee? Has bought she any coffee? Ha comprador ella café?

“any” is generally not translated before any noun in Spanish.

Tomar (to take)

Present Tense Future Tense
Yo tomO I take/I am taking Yo tomarÉ I will take
Tú tomAS You take/You are taking Tú tomaráS You will take
Él tomA He takes/He is taking Él tomará He will take
Ella tomA She takes/She is taking Ella tomará She will take
Vd. TomA You take/You are taking Vd. tomará You will take
Nosotros tomAMOS We take/We are taking Nosotros tomarEMOS We will take
Vosotros tomáIS You take/You are taking Vosotros tomarÉIS You will take
Ellos tomAN They take/They are taking (M. Plr.) Ellos tomaráN They will take(M. Plr.)
Ellas tomAN They take/They are taking (F. Plr.) Ellas tomaráN They will take (F. Plr.)
Vds. tomAN You take/You are taking (Plr.) Vds. tomaráN You will take(Plr.)

Present participle = tomando (taking)
Past participle = tomado (taken)
Yo he tomado (I have taken)

Comer (to eat)

Present Tense Future Tense
Yo comO I eat/I am eating Yo comerÉ I will eat
Tú comES You eat/You are eating Tú comeráS You will eat
Él comE He eat/He is eating Él comerá He will eat
Ella comE She eat/She is eating Ella comerá She will eat
Vd. come You eat/You are eating Vd. comerá You will eat
Nosotros comEMOS We eat/We are eating Nosotros comerEMOS We will eat
Vosotros comÉIS You eat/You are eating Vosotros comerÉIS You will eat
Ellos comEN They eat/They are eating (M. Plr.) Ellos comeráN They will eat(M. Plr.)
Ellas comEN They eat/They are eating (F. Plr.) Ellas comeráN They will eat(F. Plr.)
Vds. comEN You eat/You are eating (Plr.) Vds. comeráN You will eat(Plr.)

Present participle = comiendo (eating)
Past participle = comido (eaten)

Vivir (to live)

Present Tense Future Tense
Yo vivO I live/I am living Yo vivirÉ I will live
Tú vivES You live/You are living Tú viviráS You will live
Él vivE He live/He is living Él vivirá He will live
Ella vivE She live/She is living Ella vivirá She will live
Vd. vive You live/You are living Vd. vivirá You will live
Nosotros vivIMOS We live/We are living Nosotros vivirEMOS We will live
Vosotros vivíS You live/You are living Vosotros vivirÉIS You will live
Ellos vivEN They live/They are living (M. Plr.) Ellos viviráN They will live(M. Plr.)
Ellas vivEN They live/They are living (F. Plr.) Ellas viviráN They will live(F. Plr.)
Vds. vivEN You live/You are living (Plr.) Vds. viviráN You will live(Plr.

Present participle = viviendo (living)
Past participle = vivido (lived)
Yo estoy viviendo (I am living) Yo he vivido (I have lived)