Posts Tagged ‘spanish’

Ir (to go)
Yo voy I go/I am going
Tú vas You go/ You are going
él va He goes/ He is going
Ella va She goes/ She is going
Vd. va You go/ You are going (Sglr)
Nosotros vamos We go/ We are going
Vosotros vais You go/ You are going
Ellos van They go / They are going
Ellas van They go / They are going
Vds. van They go / They are going

Examples

Have you seen John today? Ha visto Vd. hoy Juan?
Are you looking for your brother? Busca Vd. su hermano?
I am listening to the birds, their voices are very tuneful. Yo escucho los pajaros, sus voces son muy melodiosas.

Past tense and Present Perfect Tense used alternatively in Spanish.

When did you see soldiers? (When have you seen the soldiers?) Cuando ha visto Vd. los soldados?
What did you say to the lawyer? Qué ha dicho Vd. al abogado?
Today I have worked much but I am not tired. Hoy yo he trabajado mucho, pero yo no estoy cansado.
Where is the general? He is working in the garden. Donde está el general? él está trabajando en el jardin.
She is writing to her cousin. Ella está escribiendo a su primo.
The bird is singing in the garden. El pájaro está cantando en el jardin.
How many workmen did you see in the fields? A cuántos obreros ha visto ha visto Vd. en los campos.
The pupils are in the school, listening to the professor. Los alumnos están  en la escuela, escuchando al professor.
The generals have missed the train. Los generals han perdido el tren.
Have you seen to the soldiers who have arrived from Madrid? (Have seen you) Ha visto Vd. a lost soldados que ha llegado de Madrid
I have sold my books and I have enough money to buy two bottles of wine. Yo he vendido mis libros y yo tengo bastante dinero para comprar doce botellas de vino.
I have enough money to travel to Madrid Yo tengo bastante dinero para viajar a Madrid.
The woman has sent a letter to her son, who has a house in Madrid, with two rooms. La mujer ha mandado una carta a su hijo, que tiene una casa en Madrid, con doce habitaciónes.

I look/ I am looking is one and the same as far as translation is concerned.

I am looking for the newspaper, which John has lost. Yo busco el periodic, que ha perdido Juan.
Have you bought the watches? (Have bought you) Ha comprador Vd. los relojes?
Have they not sold their cars? (Not have sold they) No ha vendido ellos sus autómoviles?
The man wishes to call to his wife. El hombre quiere llemar a su mujer. (la mujer de él)
Have you seen to the uncle of the doctor? (Have seen you) Ha visto vd. al tío del medico?
Have you enough money in your pocket to buy apples? Tiene Vd. bastante dinero en sus bolsillo para comprar manzanas.
0 Cero
1 Unos 11 Once
2 Dos 12 Doce
3 Tres 13 Trece
4 Cuarto 14 Catorce
5 Cinco 15 Quince
6 Seis 16 Dieciséis
7 Siete 17 Diecisiete
8 Ocho 18 Dieciocho
9 Nueve 19 Diecinueve
10 Diez 20 Veinte

Hube (had)

Singular Plural
Male Female
Yo hube (I had) Nosotros hubimos (we had) Nosotras hubimos (we had)
Tú hubiste (you had) Vosotros hubistéis (you had) Vosotras hubistéis (you had)
él hubo  (he had) Ellos hubieron (they had)
Ella hubo (she had) Ellas hubieron (they had)
Vd./usted hubo

(You had) (respectfully)

Vds. hubieron (you had)

Examples

Have you not seen the knife, which I lost in one of the rooms of your house. No ha visto Vd. el cuchillo, que yo he perdido en una de los habitaciónes de su casa.
We will look for the daughter of the general. Nosotros buscaremos la hijo de general.
I will call to the boy, who is speaking in the street with the uncle of John. Yo llamaré al muchacho, que está hablando en la calle con el tio de Juan.

Querer (to want)

Singular Plural
Male Female
Yo quiero (I want) Nosotros queremos (we want) Nosotras queremos (we want)
Tú quieres (you want) Vosotros queréis (you want) Vosotras queréis (you want)
él quiere  (he wants Ellos quieren (they want)
Ella quiere (she wants) Ellas quieren (they want)
Vd./usted quiere

(You want) (respectfully)

Vds. quieren (you want)

Vocabulary

llmar To call
Mandar To send
Que Who/which/what
Ayer Yesterday
Para In order to/to
Periodico Newspaper
Bolsillo Pocket/purse
Bastante enough
Peseta currency
Vender To sell
Escribir To write
ver To see
hermano Brother
Bastante Enough
Gastar To spend
Buscar To look for
  • Not/No is placed before the verb/auxiliary verb.
Will you not buy some pencils? Not will buy you some pencils No comprará Vd. unos lápices?
I have not seen the knife. I not have seen the knife Yo no he visto el cuchilo
You have not written the letter. You not have written the letter. Vd. no ha escrito la carta.
  • When the present tense of haber is used in an interrogative sentence, the subject is generally placed after the past participle.
Have men arrived? Have arrived the men? Han llegado los hombres?
Have you spent your money? Have spent you your money? Han gastado Vds. su dinero?
Has he not found his books? Not has found he his books? No ha hallodo él su libros?
Has she bought any coffee? Has bought she any coffee? Ha comprador ella café?

“any” is generally not translated before any noun in Spanish.

  Masculine Feminine
  Singular Plural Singular Plural
My Mi Mis Mi Mis
They (your) Tu Tus Tu Tus
His/her/its/their/your Su Sus Su Sus (de Vd. = your)
Our Nuestro Nuestros Nuestra Nuestras
Your Vuestro Vuestros Vuestra Vuestras

 

Examples

My friend and his wife will take the train immediately Mi amigo y su mujer tomarán el tren luego
The kings have their palaces, we have our houses El reyes tienen sus palacios, nosotros tenemos nuestras casas
I will speak to my husband and to his friends Yo hablaré a mi marido (esposo) y a sus amigos
I will buy your house, it has seven rooms Yo compraré la casa de Vd., tiene seita habitaciones
We shall arrive at Madrid in our car Nosotros llegaremos a Madrid en nuestro automóvil
My grandfather takes a cup of coffee with his wife Mi abuelo toma taza de café con su mujer
Your friend has a house with eight rooms El amigo Vd. de tiene una casa con ocho habitaciones
We shall buy a house in the centre of the city where there is a square Nosotros compraremos una casa en el centro de la ciudad, donde hay una plaza
They are twelve houses in the street Hay doce casas en la calle
They have two motor cars Vosotros tienen dos automóviles
The doctor has six horses El medico tiene seis caballos
Have you wine in your bottle? Tiene Vd. vino en su botella?
She will buy some apples Ella compara unas manzanas
When will you take your hat? Cuando tomara Vd. su sombrero?