Archive for the ‘Spanish Lesson’ Category

Ir (to go)
Yo voy I go/I am going
Tú vas You go/ You are going
él va He goes/ He is going
Ella va She goes/ She is going
Vd. va You go/ You are going (Sglr)
Nosotros vamos We go/ We are going
Vosotros vais You go/ You are going
Ellos van They go / They are going
Ellas van They go / They are going
Vds. van They go / They are going

Examples

Have you seen John today? Ha visto Vd. hoy Juan?
Are you looking for your brother? Busca Vd. su hermano?
I am listening to the birds, their voices are very tuneful. Yo escucho los pajaros, sus voces son muy melodiosas.

Past tense and Present Perfect Tense used alternatively in Spanish.

When did you see soldiers? (When have you seen the soldiers?) Cuando ha visto Vd. los soldados?
What did you say to the lawyer? Qué ha dicho Vd. al abogado?
Today I have worked much but I am not tired. Hoy yo he trabajado mucho, pero yo no estoy cansado.
Where is the general? He is working in the garden. Donde está el general? él está trabajando en el jardin.
She is writing to her cousin. Ella está escribiendo a su primo.
The bird is singing in the garden. El pájaro está cantando en el jardin.
How many workmen did you see in the fields? A cuántos obreros ha visto ha visto Vd. en los campos.
The pupils are in the school, listening to the professor. Los alumnos están  en la escuela, escuchando al professor.
The generals have missed the train. Los generals han perdido el tren.
Have you seen to the soldiers who have arrived from Madrid? (Have seen you) Ha visto Vd. a lost soldados que ha llegado de Madrid
I have sold my books and I have enough money to buy two bottles of wine. Yo he vendido mis libros y yo tengo bastante dinero para comprar doce botellas de vino.
I have enough money to travel to Madrid Yo tengo bastante dinero para viajar a Madrid.
The woman has sent a letter to her son, who has a house in Madrid, with two rooms. La mujer ha mandado una carta a su hijo, que tiene una casa en Madrid, con doce habitaciónes.

I look/ I am looking is one and the same as far as translation is concerned.

I am looking for the newspaper, which John has lost. Yo busco el periodic, que ha perdido Juan.
Have you bought the watches? (Have bought you) Ha comprador Vd. los relojes?
Have they not sold their cars? (Not have sold they) No ha vendido ellos sus autómoviles?
The man wishes to call to his wife. El hombre quiere llemar a su mujer. (la mujer de él)
Have you seen to the uncle of the doctor? (Have seen you) Ha visto vd. al tío del medico?
Have you enough money in your pocket to buy apples? Tiene Vd. bastante dinero en sus bolsillo para comprar manzanas.
Masculine Feminine
Singular Plural Singular Plural
Mine Mío Míos Mía Mías
Thine/his/hers/

theirs/yours/its

Suyo Suyos Suya Suyas
Ours Nuestro Nuestros Nuestra Nuestras
Yours Vuestro Vuestros Vuestra Vuestras

Examples

The apples which are on the table are mine. Las manzanas que estan sobre la mesa son mías.
A relation of mine is in Madrid. Un pariente mio está en Madrid.
Where is my horse? Ours is here, yours is in the stable. Dónde está mi caballo? El nuestro está aqui, suyo está en la cuadre.
We are pleased today, two cousins of our have arrived here from England. Nosotros estamos may contentos hoy, dos primos nuestros han llegado aquí de Inglaterra.
I do not have the watch, which you wish to buy. Yo no tengo el reloj, que Vd. quiere comprar.
I want to buy a watch today. Yo quiero comprar un reloj hoy.
We have sold the book of Charles. Nosotros hemos vendido el libro de Carlos.
I have written five letters today. Yo he escrito cinco cartas hoy.
I do not have enough money to buy wine. Yo no tengo bastante dinero para comprar vino.
My brother has not arrived at Madrid. Mi hermano no he llegado a Madrid.
Don’t you wish to buy doctor car? (Not wish you…) No quiere Vd. comprar el automóvil del médico.
Have you seen to the king? Ha visto Vd. al rey?
We have spent the four pesetas, which I have found today. Nosotros hemos gastado las cuarto pesetas, que yo he hallado hoy.
0 Cero
1 Unos 11 Once
2 Dos 12 Doce
3 Tres 13 Trece
4 Cuarto 14 Catorce
5 Cinco 15 Quince
6 Seis 16 Dieciséis
7 Siete 17 Diecisiete
8 Ocho 18 Dieciocho
9 Nueve 19 Diecinueve
10 Diez 20 Veinte

Hube (had)

Singular Plural
Male Female
Yo hube (I had) Nosotros hubimos (we had) Nosotras hubimos (we had)
Tú hubiste (you had) Vosotros hubistéis (you had) Vosotras hubistéis (you had)
él hubo  (he had) Ellos hubieron (they had)
Ella hubo (she had) Ellas hubieron (they had)
Vd./usted hubo

(You had) (respectfully)

Vds. hubieron (you had)

Examples

Have you not seen the knife, which I lost in one of the rooms of your house. No ha visto Vd. el cuchillo, que yo he perdido en una de los habitaciónes de su casa.
We will look for the daughter of the general. Nosotros buscaremos la hijo de general.
I will call to the boy, who is speaking in the street with the uncle of John. Yo llamaré al muchacho, que está hablando en la calle con el tio de Juan.

Querer (to want)

Singular Plural
Male Female
Yo quiero (I want) Nosotros queremos (we want) Nosotras queremos (we want)
Tú quieres (you want) Vosotros queréis (you want) Vosotras queréis (you want)
él quiere  (he wants Ellos quieren (they want)
Ella quiere (she wants) Ellas quieren (they want)
Vd./usted quiere

(You want) (respectfully)

Vds. quieren (you want)

Vocabulary

llmar To call
Mandar To send
Que Who/which/what
Ayer Yesterday
Para In order to/to
Periodico Newspaper
Bolsillo Pocket/purse
Bastante enough
Peseta currency
Vender To sell
Escribir To write
ver To see
hermano Brother
Bastante Enough
Gastar To spend
Buscar To look for
  • Not/No is placed before the verb/auxiliary verb.
Will you not buy some pencils? Not will buy you some pencils No comprará Vd. unos lápices?
I have not seen the knife. I not have seen the knife Yo no he visto el cuchilo
You have not written the letter. You not have written the letter. Vd. no ha escrito la carta.
  • When the present tense of haber is used in an interrogative sentence, the subject is generally placed after the past participle.
Have men arrived? Have arrived the men? Han llegado los hombres?
Have you spent your money? Have spent you your money? Han gastado Vds. su dinero?
Has he not found his books? Not has found he his books? No ha hallodo él su libros?
Has she bought any coffee? Has bought she any coffee? Ha comprador ella café?

“any” is generally not translated before any noun in Spanish.

  Masculine Feminine
  Singular Plural Singular Plural
My Mi Mis Mi Mis
They (your) Tu Tus Tu Tus
His/her/its/their/your Su Sus Su Sus (de Vd. = your)
Our Nuestro Nuestros Nuestra Nuestras
Your Vuestro Vuestros Vuestra Vuestras

 

Examples

My friend and his wife will take the train immediately Mi amigo y su mujer tomarán el tren luego
The kings have their palaces, we have our houses El reyes tienen sus palacios, nosotros tenemos nuestras casas
I will speak to my husband and to his friends Yo hablaré a mi marido (esposo) y a sus amigos
I will buy your house, it has seven rooms Yo compraré la casa de Vd., tiene seita habitaciones
We shall arrive at Madrid in our car Nosotros llegaremos a Madrid en nuestro automóvil
My grandfather takes a cup of coffee with his wife Mi abuelo toma taza de café con su mujer
Your friend has a house with eight rooms El amigo Vd. de tiene una casa con ocho habitaciones
We shall buy a house in the centre of the city where there is a square Nosotros compraremos una casa en el centro de la ciudad, donde hay una plaza
They are twelve houses in the street Hay doce casas en la calle
They have two motor cars Vosotros tienen dos automóviles
The doctor has six horses El medico tiene seis caballos
Have you wine in your bottle? Tiene Vd. vino en su botella?
She will buy some apples Ella compara unas manzanas
When will you take your hat? Cuando tomara Vd. su sombrero?
Luego Shortly/Immediately
Bottela Bottle
Habitación Room
Vino Wine
Café Coffee (M)
Estación Station
Llegar To arrive
Con With
De Of/From
A To/At
En In
Plaza Square
Taza Cup
Hay There is/There are
Hoy Today
Comprar To buy

 

We shall buy the house in the sky Nosotros compraremos la casa en la ciudad
We buy the house Nosotros compramos la casa
I will speak to the friend and the girlfriend Yo hablaré al amigo y la amiga
I will take the train immediately Yo tomaré el tren luego
We shall arrive at Madrid today Nosotros llegaremos a Madrid hoy

 

Tomar (to take)

Present Tense Future Tense
Yo tomO I take/I am taking Yo tomarÉ I will take
Tú tomAS You take/You are taking Tú tomaráS You will take
Él tomA He takes/He is taking Él tomará He will take
Ella tomA She takes/She is taking Ella tomará She will take
Vd. TomA You take/You are taking Vd. tomará You will take
Nosotros tomAMOS We take/We are taking Nosotros tomarEMOS We will take
Vosotros tomáIS You take/You are taking Vosotros tomarÉIS You will take
Ellos tomAN They take/They are taking (M. Plr.) Ellos tomaráN They will take(M. Plr.)
Ellas tomAN They take/They are taking (F. Plr.) Ellas tomaráN They will take (F. Plr.)
Vds. tomAN You take/You are taking (Plr.) Vds. tomaráN You will take(Plr.)

Present participle = tomando (taking)
Past participle = tomado (taken)
Yo he tomado (I have taken)

Comer (to eat)

Present Tense Future Tense
Yo comO I eat/I am eating Yo comerÉ I will eat
Tú comES You eat/You are eating Tú comeráS You will eat
Él comE He eat/He is eating Él comerá He will eat
Ella comE She eat/She is eating Ella comerá She will eat
Vd. come You eat/You are eating Vd. comerá You will eat
Nosotros comEMOS We eat/We are eating Nosotros comerEMOS We will eat
Vosotros comÉIS You eat/You are eating Vosotros comerÉIS You will eat
Ellos comEN They eat/They are eating (M. Plr.) Ellos comeráN They will eat(M. Plr.)
Ellas comEN They eat/They are eating (F. Plr.) Ellas comeráN They will eat(F. Plr.)
Vds. comEN You eat/You are eating (Plr.) Vds. comeráN You will eat(Plr.)

Present participle = comiendo (eating)
Past participle = comido (eaten)

Vivir (to live)

Present Tense Future Tense
Yo vivO I live/I am living Yo vivirÉ I will live
Tú vivES You live/You are living Tú viviráS You will live
Él vivE He live/He is living Él vivirá He will live
Ella vivE She live/She is living Ella vivirá She will live
Vd. vive You live/You are living Vd. vivirá You will live
Nosotros vivIMOS We live/We are living Nosotros vivirEMOS We will live
Vosotros vivíS You live/You are living Vosotros vivirÉIS You will live
Ellos vivEN They live/They are living (M. Plr.) Ellos viviráN They will live(M. Plr.)
Ellas vivEN They live/They are living (F. Plr.) Ellas viviráN They will live(F. Plr.)
Vds. vivEN You live/You are living (Plr.) Vds. viviráN You will live(Plr.

Present participle = viviendo (living)
Past participle = vivido (lived)
Yo estoy viviendo (I am living) Yo he vivido (I have lived)