Lesson 9: Translation Rules

Posted: August 13, 2010 in Spanish Lesson
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  • Not/No is placed before the verb/auxiliary verb.
Will you not buy some pencils? Not will buy you some pencils No comprará Vd. unos lápices?
I have not seen the knife. I not have seen the knife Yo no he visto el cuchilo
You have not written the letter. You not have written the letter. Vd. no ha escrito la carta.
  • When the present tense of haber is used in an interrogative sentence, the subject is generally placed after the past participle.
Have men arrived? Have arrived the men? Han llegado los hombres?
Have you spent your money? Have spent you your money? Han gastado Vds. su dinero?
Has he not found his books? Not has found he his books? No ha hallodo él su libros?
Has she bought any coffee? Has bought she any coffee? Ha comprador ella café?

“any” is generally not translated before any noun in Spanish.

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