Lesson 4: Personal pronoun and Forms of “to be”

Posted: July 30, 2010 in Spanish Lesson
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Personal pronoun and Forms of “to be”

Singular Plural
  Male Female
Yo (I) Nostotros (we) Nosotras (we)
Tú (you) Vosotros (you) Vosotras (you)
él (he) Ellos (they)  
Ella (she)   Ellas (they)

Vuestra merced: your grace or your honor
Short form: Vd. Or usted

Forms of “to be”

Estar (to be) for temporary conditions

Singular Plural
  Male Female
Yo estoy (I am) Nosotros estamos (we are) Nosotras estamos (we are)
Tú estás (you are) Vosotros estáis (you are) Vosotras estáis (you are)
él está (he is) Ellos están (they are)  
Ellas está (she is)   Ellas están (they are)
Vd. Está (You are: respectfully) Vds. Están  

 

SER (to be) for permanent conditions

Singular Plural
  Male Female
Yo soy (I am) Nosotros somos (we are) Nosotras somos (we are)
Tú eres (you are) Vosotros sois (you are) Vosotras sois (you are)
él es  (he is) Ellos son (they are)  
Ellas es (she is)   Ellas son (they are)
Vd. Es (You are: respectfully) Vds. Son  

 

Examples
La botella esta vacía: The bottle is empty
La botella es de vidrio: The bottle is of glass
él es medico: He is doctor
El médico está aqui: The doctor is here
Ali: Here
Aquí: There

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